Childrens Court of Queensland (District Court)
District Court - criminal
The Childrens Court of Queensland (CCQ) deals with all juveniles who commit criminal offences while under the age of 17 years, unless the court orders that the matter be dealt with in an adult court.
Matters involving children can be heard in the adult District Court of Queensland if:
- the child is charged as an adult
- the proceedings have been committed up to the District Court following an application under the Youth Justice Act 1992, for example, if a child is co-accused with an adult.
CCQ matters are usually heard in an open court. However, the judge may order the court be closed. This means that only people who are directly involved in the case can be present. Members of the public are not usually allowed to be in court and no one is permitted to publish identifying information about the accused.
The CCQ is presided over by judges who have been appointed from the District Court. Matters are heard in accordance with the guidelines set down in the Childrens Court Act 1992 and the Youth Justice Act 1992.
Matters involving children can also be heard in the Magistrates or Supreme Court. These cases are also heard in accordance with the guidelines set out in both of these acts.
Child protection matters
The CCQ also deals with appeals against child protection orders made by a magistrate. In these cases, the court will make a directive to protect a child from harm. These proceedings are held in a closed court.
Parentage orders and discharge of parentage orders
The Surrogacy Act 2010 (the Act) regulates non-commercial surrogacy arrangements and provides, in particular circumstances, for the court-sanctioned transfer of parentage of a child born as a result of a surrogacy arrangement. The Act contains requirements for various parties, including the applicant, to obtain legal advice before entering into a surrogacy arrangement.
The Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 apply in relation to proceedings under the Act as if they were proceedings in the District Court (see Uniform Civil Procedure forms).
The Uniform Civil Procedure (Fee) Regulation 2009 applies in relation to proceedings in the Childrens Court under this Act as if they were proceedings in the District Court (see District Court fees).